Singing ON or OFF key
Last time out,I took the time to introduce singing and the things that can be done to sing better. Well,this is the part 2 and it’ll be more indepth,educative(if you truelly want to learn though) and very technical,you might need a voice pedagogist while reading this article.
In many respects human song is a form of sustained speech. Singing can be formal or informal, arranged or improvised. It may be done for pleasure, comfort, ritual, education, or profit. I make bold to say that singing adds to your health and aesthetic values and this was proven by scientific studies. The health benefits include: increased lung capacity, stress reduction and improved mood. One study found that both singing and listening to choral music reduces the level of stress hormones and increases immune function. There are also some social and spiritual benefits.
CHEST AND HEAD VOICE
Chest voice can be used in relation to a particular part of the vocal range or type of vocal register; a vocal resonance area; or a specific vocal timbre. However, the use of overly strong chest voice in the higher registers in an attempt to hit higher notes in the chest can lead to forcing. Forcing can lead consequently to vocal deterioration.
Head voice is taught by voice pedadogists as vocal technique used in singing to describe the resonance felt in the singer’s head. The head voice is also referred to as the falsetto register
Voice classification is the process by which human singing voices are evaluated and are thereby designated into voice types. Choral music most commonly divides vocal parts into high and low voices within each sex i.e SATB, or soprano, alto, tenor, and bass.
However, most classical music systems acknowledge seven different major voice categories. Women are typically divided into three groups: soprano, mezzo-soprano, and contralto. Men are usually divided into four groups: countertenor, tenor, baritone, and bass. When considering voices of pre-pubescent children an eighth term, treble, can be applied.
Soprano (Singing on top)
The soprano has the highest range of the female voice types.
Range: Often Middle C to High C although some sopranos can vocalize way beyond High C and much lower than Middle C.
A soprano is expected to have a High C and many sopranos can sing up to the G or A above High C. Choral directors or musical directors listen for the singer’s comfort zone when determining if the singer is a soprano.
Strength: A soprano’s strength is a strong head voice.
Weakness: Sopranos have a harder time projecting in middle voice.
Voice tone: The soprano voice is usually bright and ringing.
Because not all sopranos are the same, the register transitions don’t occur on just one note. The transitions usually occur as the soprano shifts out of chest voice around the E-flat just above Middle C and into her head voice around F-sharp (fifth line on top of the staff) in the octave above Middle C.
Many mezzos can sing as high as a soprano, but they can’t stay as high as a soprano.The difference between a mezzo-soprano and a soprano is often tessitura.(Tessitura refers to where most of the notes lie in a song — the notes that a voice feels most comfortable singing.)
Range: The mezzo range is usually G below Middle C to a High B or High C. Many mezzos vocalize as high as a soprano but can’t handle the repetition of the upper notes.
Voice tone: The mezzo voice is usually darker or deeper than her soprano counterpart.
Strength: Mezzos have a strong middle voice.
Weakness: A mezzo’s head voice is often her weakness.
The register transitions for the mezzo usually occur at E or F (first space) just above Middle C and the E or F (fifth line) one octave above that.
Contralto(the low female voice)
Contraltos can usually sing from F below Middle C to about an F (fifth line) below High C. A contralto can vocalize or sing higher and has an even darker, richer color and is more at home in the lower part of her voice. Sometimes singers darken their voices intentionally to make themselves sound like contraltos. The contralto may take her chest voice dominated sound up to a G (second line) above Middle C and shift into head voice around the D (fourth line) an octave above Middle C.
Range: The tenor range is about two octaves with many singing a little lower than C (second space in bass clef) and a little higher than the male High C (third space treble clef).
Register: The tenor voice doesn’t make a huge transition from his lower voice to his middle voice. His transition into his middle voice occurs around Middle C (or the E just above Middle C) and then a transition into head voice around F-sharp or G above Middle C.
Strength: The tenor’s strength is his head voice.
Weakness: His weakness is often his lower voice.
Voice tone: The tenor voice is usually bright and ringing.
countertenor — a male singer who sounds like a female. This voice type sings in the same range as the mezzo-soprano (sometimes soprano) and sounds similar. When you’ve heard the countertenor singing enough, you can distinguish him from a mezzo. Until then, just enjoy the unique quality that these gentlemen bring to the singing world.
Filling in the middle between tenor and bass is the baritone. The baritone can usually sing from an A (first space bass clef) or F (first space treble clef) below the male High C. The bass-baritone has some height of the baritone and some depth of the bass and his range is usually A-flat (first space bass clef) to F (first space treble clef) and sometimes as high as G below the male High C. The baritone’s register transitions usually occur at the A or B just below Middle C and the D or E above Middle C.
Bass is the lowest of the voice types. The bass is the guy that sings all the cool low notes in the barbershop quartet.
Range: His range is usually F (below the bass clef staff) to E (first line treble clef) but can be as wide as E-flat to F.
Register transitions: The bass changes from chest voice into middle voice around A or A-flat just below Middle C and changes into head voice around D or D-flat just above Middle C.
Strength: His low voice is his strength.
Voice tone: His voice is the deepest, darkest, and heaviest of the male voices.
Weakness: His high voice is his weakness.
Since most people have medium voices,they’re assigned to a part that is either high or too low for them; the mezzo-soprano must sing soprano or alto and the baritone must sing tenor or bass.
And that is the end of our singing lessons,hope you enjoyed it.